Project of Murano Mirai (3) Environmental Education

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bagmati project

Strengthening Community Action through Environmental Education and Community-Based Environment Protection Activities
(Bagmati Project)




What is Bagmati Project?

Strengthening Community Action through Environmental Education and Community-Based Environment Protection Activities (Bagmati Project) aims to facilitate local communities’ environment protecting actions by strengthen the environmental protection education along the Bagmati River area and thus to improve the water pollution of the Bagmati River flowing through the Kathmandu city. The project enhances residents’ capacity and motivation of planning and conducting environmental protection activities by themselves by introducing various methods of practical environmental education to schools and daily control methods of waste water and garbage to residents. Through the project, it is expected not only that cleaner and a more hygienic environment is to be achieved, but also that local people can gain the skill to solve future community issues by themselves.



Who We Serve?

The project covers more than 600 households living along the Bagmati River areas, mainly in Boudha and Jorpati in Kathmandu Metropolitan City and Gokarneshwor municipality. More than 70 schools in the targeted area were involved in the project, and the participants include the teachers of Environment Population and Health (EPH, in short, a subject once required by Nepal education department) and their students, especially those in the 6th grade.


The Reality before MuranoMirai Came

In Kathmandu area, the growing population, continuing urbanization, and political unrest that last a decade till the 2000s made it difficult for the local government to manage waste and sewage, leading to the extreme pollution along the Bagmati River. Besides, the conventional communities in the target areas became non-functional because of the rapid population expansion and urbanization, and therefore local people had trouble tackling issues as a community. Moreover, the inadequate environmental education led to the lack of environmental consciousness among the citizens, also preventing the local people from taking initiatives to make environment protection activities.

In addition to the above social problems, there are several institutional problems- such as lack of garbage-collection service and drain system in the city- that also cause the pollution in Bagmati River. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen every families’ and households’ actions that effectively improve the environment.




July 2012 Launch of Bagmati Project
MuranoMirai started new project with its local counterpart, SOMNEED Nepal ((hereafter mentioned as SOMNEED as the combination of two organizations) in Kathmandu Valley. In order to provide effective training, MuranoMirai did a lot of preparations, including school visiting, staff training, water quality test, field research, and situation analysis by environment experts.
December 2012 The 1st Training Module for EPH teachers – River
Rather than receiving lectures, the participants were asked to list 50 things they know about rivers. By listing up 50 things, the participants can realize what they need to know, and therefore, they would be more motivated to absorb knowledge effectively.
January 2013 The 2nd Training Module for EPH teachers – The Bagmati River and preparation for the upcoming field trip
The participants were asked to list 100 things they know about the Bagmati River, including their experience, direct information, auxiliary information, and hearsay.
February 2013 The 3rd and 4th Training Module for EPH teachers – Field Trip
The participant visited, observed, and measured different parts of the Bagmati River. The participants shared their experience afterward.
May 2013 The 5th and 6th Training Module for EPH teachers – field trip and course objective design.
In addition to the regular filed trips, the participants also took classroom session to discuss and design the environment class that let students find out answers by themselves, including the objectives, activities and desired findings of students. The six-module-trainings were conducted four times with different participants during the project.
July 2013 Additional three pieces of training required by participants
We invited Mr. Yoshiyuki Hagiwara, the Project Expert on recycling and waste management to provide training to the participants who finished the previous modules. The contents included Japan’s experience, mechanism of waste generation, green map-making and school visiting.
September 2013 Model Lesson conducted by the participants
After the whole six-time-training, the EPH teachers invited students and their parents to field research of the Bagmati River, called Model Lesson. SOMNEED also did feedback research to the students and parents. The Model Lessen for EPH course continued for years since then.
January 2014 Green Map Making
For the schools that finished former Model Lessons, the trained teachers conducted a step-up training called Green Map Training. The participants established their own map with marks of pollution and invisible river routes, based on field research. The green map training continued routinely since then.
February 2014 Launch of new project with MoFA – Establishment of Decentralized Waste Water Treatment System (DEWATS)
Besides environmental education project under JICA Partnership Program, we started new project. The first DEWATS was located in Deshe. In addition to building the DEWATS, SOMNEED also conducted several trainings to the local residents, ensuring that they can use and maintenance the system by themselves in the future. The program in Deshe took about one year.
May 2014 Training required by local residents in Attrakhel Area, Jorpati VDC – all about garbage
The residents who heard about this project showed great interests and motivation on garbage control. This requirement showed the impact of the project to the local community. Since then, SOMNEED conducted training for solid waste management several times upon request of communities and groups.
September 2014 Sub-text book making training by Ms. Satoko Chatarjee
October 2014 Japan Exposure Trip for Nepalese Delegation
In order to learn from Japan’s experience on conducting environment conservation activities that local people collaborate with government and private sectors. Nepalese representatives visited several related communities, groups, and private sectors, and the participants shared their experience in three pieces of training after returning to Nepal.
February 2015 The 2nd DEWATS – Basnet Gaun
The second location of DEWATS construction is Basnet Gaun. It took 14 months to finish the construction and the trainings.
April 2015 Completion of the supplement EPH booklet for creating Children’s awareness and action towards a better environment
  Since sub-text book making training in September 2014, SOMNEED and teachers who participated 6-module training have worked for making sub-text book for EPH class with Ms. Chatarjee. Finally, we publicized “Bagmati Ji- We Learn and Act With the Bagmati River”.
April 2015 Emergency Relief activities in Makwanpur and Kathmandu
  Massive earthquake hit Nepal in 25 April and 12 May. We decided to do emergency relief work for affected people who is difficult to access the major support from governments, International Agency, etc. Thanks to donations from many supporters, we could distribute water, tarp, blanket, zinc sheet, etc. to people in Kathmandu (Deshe) and Makwanpur.
May 2015 Distribution of the completed environment booklets
SOMNEED distributed environment booklets to schools that finished the model lesson. We visited 18 schools by the end of June 2015 and distributed 1,775 booklets and gathered comments from the readers.
January 2016 Model Lesson restart after the earthquake, using sub-textbook and conducted by training participants
By March 2016, 26 schools conducted model lessons, and approximately 1,880 local people, including students and parents, have attended.
January 2016 Launch of new project for local facilitators
SOMNEED launched another project that provide 8-times TOT (Training for Trainers) to community people in target area to become a local facilitator(hereafter called eco-rangers). As a result, those who underwent series of our training demonstrated their behavioral change and provided training regarding solid waste management at household level. It is supported by the Toyota Environmental Activities Grant Program of Toyota Motor Corporation. (till June 2017)
April 2016 Launch of New project for environmental education
SOMNEED launched another project to conduct more trainings for schools and teachers that once participated in the training, but failed to receive all the modules or conduct Model Lesson and Green Map Training. It is supported by The Resona Foundation for Asia and Oceania. (till the date)
May 2016 Follow-up Research in schools that conducted model lessons.
SOMNEED conducted follow-up research to schools participated model lessons in 2012-2013. Most of the schools show more practical efforts of garbage control than before.
June 2016 The 3rd DEWATS – Naidol
The third and the last location of the DEWATS construction is Naidol. The contents are same as the former ones, and the program ended in June, 2017.
September 2016 Training by community organization expert
For 40 eco-rangers, Mr. Mudunuru Ramaraju, carried out a set of trainings to make action plan and conduct training to archive the goal for keeping clean the area and the Bagmati River.Eco-rangers started to provide waste management training to local residents. Till February 2017, more than 1,500 people participated the training.
December 2016 Exhibition of environment protection arts – Monstrous Flower
The program funded by Japan Fund for Global Environment launched in April 2016, aiming to rise students’ awareness of plastic wastes by turning it into arts and crafts. This monstrous flower art is a part of these activities, and we held 1-day exhibition at the café in Boudha.
March 2017 Handout & Booklet Making to spread practical knowledge of waste management in household level
Eco-rangers started to make handout and booklet to spread practical knowledge of waste management in household level with a technical support from Mr. Ramaraju.


Model LessonAt the Module Lesson conducted by trained teachers, the students go into the river, observed and measured several metrics by themselves, including pH, COD, Nitrite ion, Ammonium ion, and phosphoric acid. Training in DesheDuring the training in Deshe, Mr. Wada was posing many questions regarding water, soil, plant, etc. to make residents realize the mechanism of polluting Bagamati River.
Training by eco-rangersThe woman who participated in the Training of Trainers was teaching the basic knowledge about family garbage control to other women in her community. Art exhibitionThe Monstrous Flower was on exhibition together with students’ art crafts made from non-recyclable plastic wastes.



Activities and Achievement

  • Mura no Mirai (formerly SOMNEED) and SOMNEED Nepal (hereafter mentioned as SOMNEED as the combination of two organizations) provided the opportunities for 88 teachers from 73 schools to realize the different pollution level from upper to downstream of Bagmati River, including exposure trips with the examination of water quality through a 6-module training for teachers.
  • 27 school teachers and one government official have participated all module of training for teachers described above. The participants have designed and implemented the environment classes practically and introduced the waste segregation knowledge in their schools.
  • 26 schools have conducted Model Lesson as well as observation activities of Bagmati river from its upstream (Sundarijal) to downstream (Teku, Chovar), and more than 1,800 students and parents have participated.
  • SOMNEED published 9,000 copies (both in English and in Nepali) of “Bagmati Ji” as sub-textbook for the environmental education in schools. The books have been distributed to the schools, local people, and relevant government agencies in target areas.
  • Three communities (Deshe, Basnet Gaun and Naidol) has set up DEWATS (Decentralized Water Treatment System) and made the action plan for its maintenance.
  • On request from local people in target areas, SOMNEED and qualified teachers conducted the training activities about the daily control of solid waste among seven communities
  • 40 eco-rangers have completed the 8-time-series of TOT, and they provided training of managing solid waste in the household to the residents in target areas. So far 94 training activities were conducted by local trainers, and more than 1,500 participants took part in those pieces of training in total.





  • Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Partnership Program (August 2012 -September 2016)
  • MoFA (Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Japan) Grant Assistance for Japanese NGO Project (February 2014-June 2017)
  • Toyota Environmental Activities Grant Program (January 2016-June 2017)
  • The Resona Foundation for Asia and Oceania Grant for environmental project (April 2016- till the date)
  • Japan fund for global environment by Environmental Restoration and Conservation Agency (April 2016-March 2017)





By June 2017, most of partnership programs are over, and Mura no Mirai, together with SOMNEED Nepal, is mainly focusing on handover the activities to local schools and communities in coming 2 years. We continue environmental education program supported by The Resona Foundation for Asia Oceania. Besides, SOMNEED Nepal not only continues visiting, following up and monitoring the finished programs, but also provides trainings as requested by local communities.